Demonstrating that CO2 transcritical (TC) refrigeration systems can be much more efficient than HFC-CO2 cascade systems even in high ambient temperatures, Chiara Tognoli, customer technical support engineer at Arneg, provided an analysis of two systems installed in similar supermarkets at ATMOsphere Europe in Berlin, Germany in September.

The first system is a CO2 transcritical one with an ejector (in a 10,000 m2 supermarket) and the other is a CO2/HFC cascade (in a 9,500 m2 supermarket), both of which were installed in northern Italy.

The energy performance of the system was measured (with the Arneg supervision system: IRIS) during the period August 2016 to August 2017 with ambient conditions reaching 40°C during the summer months, according to Tognoil.

The CO2 TC ejector system was found to save 9% over the twelve-month period with 60,300 kWh/year saved, which translates into a €10,800 annual saving for the end user compared to an HFC-CO2 cascade system.

“This makes CO2 competitive warmer climates,” she declared during the innovation session at ATMO Europe.

Arneg also compared the environmental impact of the two installations (as depicted in the below table): 

The CO2 ejector system has 44% less total [CO2 eq.] emissions than the HFC cascade system, which is “equivalent to saving 7,100 trees,” Tognoli said.

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