Thanks to using this natural refrigerant for its mobile heating and cooling needs, the ID.5 achieves increased efficiency and range, according to the manufacturer.
The German OEM specializes in CO2 heat pumps for mobile applications like buses and rail.
The BOXÉR series was first presented to the world at 2019’s Busworld exhibition, and has now completed a period of testing and improvement.
The Austrian manufacturer also provides R744 supermarket applications, R290 heat pumps and ammonia compressors.
The German OEM has developed a small-scale roof-mounted reversible heat pump, which heats, cools and demists electric-vehicle cabins
R744 is mentioned in a patent filed by Apple for a new electric vehicle thermal management system.
Researchers have found a CO2-based heat pump to be the most efficient of four options studied for mobile air conditioning.
Guangzhou Dinghan Railway Transportation Equipment Co. also debuts direct power supply system and an intelligent control system.